Baby and Me

Four common allergies and their early detection plus remedies

Common Allergies And Their Cure

An immune reaction the body gives to any substance in the environment called allergen is known as an allergy. If a child with allergy comes in contact with an allergen either by touching, consuming, getting injected or by breathing it, the body perceives it as an invader and releases chemicals to fight it. These chemicals irritate the body and result in sneezing, runny nose, cough itching, swelling or difficulty in breathing.

Allergies could be classified into three broad types.

Eczema

They are denoted by red, dry patches on legs, arms, forehead and cheeks – almost everywhere.

Prevention

Avoid perfumed products for bath, skin and even while washing baby’s cloths. Such products irritate sensitive skin and trigger eczema. 

Treatment

A good warm water bath with mild baby soap daily helps best in mild cases. Water helps restoring moisture to the dry skin. Pat the skin dry and apply moisturiser. Avoid lotions as they contain more alcohol. Even an oatmeal bath helps. If this is not helping much, check with your paediatrician who might recommend a skin test or a blood test.

Food Allergies

Some top allergens include peanuts, milk, eggs, wheat, fish, soy, tree nuts and shellfish. Reactions include hives around the mouth, swelling in throat, lips, tongue or difficulty in breathing.

Prevention

Delay in introducing your child to certain foods especially if there is a family history of food allergies can be a good idea. Properly space out introduction of newer foods gradually to be able to identify if there is a problem. Breastfeeding offers a lot of immunity, so do not go easy on it.

Treatment

Firstly if you have identified the allergen, eliminate it from the baby’s diet. Visit your paediatrician if it goes beyond control.

Nasal Allergies

A constant runny nose clubbed with rubbing of nose, red and itchy eyes and mucus is a symptom of a nasal allergy. It could be caused by anything from grass, ragweed, mold, pet dander, dust mites to cockroaches.

Prevention

Cleaning! That’s a major eliminator. From under the fridge, shower curtains and garbage cans. To toys and stuffed toys – they all need must be cleaned regularly.

Treatment

Prevention is the best treatment. If the allergen is a pet, establish pet free zones in your house where the baby spends most of his time. Keep the child away from moist and damp elements. Consult your paediatrician for treatment and meditation if it persists.

Children are prone to allergies as they are little and their body is still building the defence mechanism. Most allergies fade away with age so just a little care towards elimination for the present would help. But some may stay for life and demand either a treatment or prevention.  Just keep an open eye once a foundation cause of and allergy is determined to prevent its contact with your baby.